From time immemorial, mechanical engineering has been deemed as the root and also regarded to be the mother of all technologies. Today, despite the fancy for the branch of electronics, computers and IT (information technology) engineering among the majority of the aspirants for a technical degree or diploma, there is no denying fact that the stream of mechanical engineering continues to rule the roost in academics.
Thus there exists an eternal craving for mechanical engineering colleges in India. In terms of established name and fame, right from the colonial era, there have been certain institutions which have maintained their status on a notable scale. Some of these colleges and universities are the BHU (Banaras Hindu University), VJTI (Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute at Matunga in Bombay, now renamed Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute in Mumbai), BEG (Bengal Engineering College, Shibpur at Howrah near Calcutta), College of Engineering Guindy (near Madras) and the University of College of Engineering, Bangalore (now renamed University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering). Incidentally, the BHU and also Roorkee (erstwhile The Thomason Engineering College) have been upgraded and renamed as IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology).
The setting up of IITs at Powai in Bombay (Mumbai), Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur, Kanpur and also the RECs (Regional Engineering Colleges, now renamed National Institutes of Technology) lent a new dimension to Best engineering college in India. They have almost dominated the academics in engineering vis-à-vis the talent, placement after graduation and also in terms of successfully conducting sponsored projects and programmes.
The liberalisation policies that the government mooted in early 90s lent further fillip to engineering education and several private enterprises with a penchant for academics set up new institutions. Many among these were deemed universities and they have fared exceedingly well over the past two decades. These have been recognised by the All India Council of Technical Education, Association of Indian Universities and Ministry of Human Resource Development. To name a few among such autonomous institutions, the Dehradun-based Graphic Era University (GEU) has carved out a name. Since its inception, scores of brilliant engineers have passed out of its portals.
As usual, certain media organs, consultants and market analysts have been periodically assessing all these institutions and ranking them. The relevant survey for rating is based on criteria like infrastructure, academic environment, faculty, country-specific research initiatives and campus placements among others. Notable alumni and other famous students of these institutions have enriched the rating of a college.
Some of the colleges like the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) at Pilani in Rajasthan have expanded their presence elsewhere including abroad. The BITS has campuses in Goa and Hyderabad in India as well as Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. Certain professional fora like the Institution of Engineers also conduct examinations leading to AMIE (Associate Member of Institution of Engineers) that is recognised as equivalent to degree of B.E (Bachelor of Engineering).
In the context of career prospects, graduates and post graduates in mechanical engineering with a fair knowledge of computers have ample openings in almost all segments of industries. With the government lending more thrust to development of infrastructure, these engineers have ample opportunities to prove their mettle as professionals.